Ballotpedia’s 2022 Mid-Year Recall Report Shows Continued Uptrend in Recall Election Efforts


Michigan and California lead the nation in recall efforts
-School board and city council members top the list of recall targets

MIDDLETON, Wis., June 23, 2022 /PRNewswire/ — Ballot, the premier national resource for unbiased politics and politics news, today announced the release of its latest report on the mid-year recall elections. The report tracks all state and local recall efforts across United States through June 22, 2022. The Encyclopedia of American Politics

Michigan and California lead the nation in recalls School boards and city councils top list of recall targets

“The reminders are a window into how Americans participate in our political system,” said Geoff Pallay, editor of Ballotpedia. “This report gives people an under-the-hood look to gain insight into the current and historical context to understand how recalls are working, what’s driving them, and where we can head.”

Recall rates remain high
The new Ballotpedia study reveals there have been 152 recall attempts launched against 240 elected officials in 24 states so far this year. While this is an 8% decrease from 2021’s 165 callback efforts, callback rates remain significantly elevated from mid-year points in 2020 (98 efforts) and 2019 (72 efforts).

School board and city council members top the list of recall targets. Through June 22, recall organizers attempted to recall 80 school board members and 77 city council members. This is the second year in a row that school board members have faced the highest number of recalls; city ​​council recalls had topped the charts for the previous five years.

Among the successful recall efforts, the results are as follows:

State callback data

Michigan leads the nation in recall efforts this year with 70. California is second with 64. Michigan also had the most recall efforts after adjusting for population, followed by Alaska and Nebraska.

The following table lists the five states with the most recall efforts in the middle of the last three years, as well as the top five states after adjusting for population.

Reminders are hyper-local
“Recall efforts tend to be hyper-local in nature,” said Ballotpedia’s editor. Daniel Anderson. “The notable exception is COVID-19, which has been a big driver of increased nationwide recall efforts over the past two years,” Anderson said, adding that school boards are also seeing more conflict and recall activity.

As the coronavirus pandemic grew in 2021, 545 public servants faced recall efforts, 25 of whom were removed from their jobs. In 2020, 301 civil servants were recalled and 35 were removed from their posts.

About Ballotpedia

Ballotpedia is America’s most trusted source of unbiased information on politics, elections and politics. Founded in 2006, Ballotpedia has grown from a collection of dedicated volunteers working on a handful of ballot metrics to an essential resource for voters, media and researchers. Ballotpedia is a non-profit organization dedicated to serving the public interest by creating an educated and engaged electorate and building a strong and healthy democracy. For free access to over 330,000 professionally written articles, visit



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